If a pregnant woman when not diagnosed for diabetes prior to pregnancy have high blood glucose level during her pregnancy is called gestational diabetes mellitus-GDM. Otherwise it can be defined as a metabolic disorder that occurs during the last of stage of pregnancy.
There are no specific symptoms for gestational diabetes mellitus GDM, but have certain symptoms which is diagnosed during screening. About 3 to 10 percent of the pregnant women affected by GDM. But the percentage of affection is increasing day by day. There is no specific cause for GDM. The exact cause is not known yet. But it is commonly described as the production of hormones and the modified levels of hormones cause increase in resistance to insulin. This in turn causes the impaired glucose tolerance level.
When a pregnant mother has GDM, babies are at the risk of delivery complications due to increased body weight and size, low blood sugar as soon as born and jaundice. However this condition is treatable when detected earlier.
Pregnancy and Diabetes
To have a baby is indeed a miraculous moment. If you plan to have a baby, the most important thing that you need to understand is that the baby develops since there is fertility.
In this process, the high level of glucose can cause danger to the vital organs of the baby such as heart, lungs, liver, and brain. For this reason, people with diabetes have to be extra aware of this possibility when they are planning on having a baby.
Diabetes mellitus is metabolism anomaly that is caused by many factors. The symptoms of this disease can be hyperglycemia and metabolism dysfunction on carbohydrate, fat, and protein. This dysfunction is due to deficiency of insulin hormone or deficiency of glucose transporter. In a normal condition, insulin hormone will control the blood glucose levels. Insulin is a type of hormone produce by pancreas. Insulin will function to lower the blood glucose level. After we eat something, typically our blood glucose will rise up.